Jesus and the twelve disciples were born Jews. Christianity, 'the daughter of Judaism', is based on Hebrew Bible, Old Testament. In Koran, the holy script of Moslems, Moses is referred to as Kalimullah, the one whom God spoke with.
Pompey (106-48 B.C.), Roman general and triumvir captured Jerusalem in 63 B.C. Romans crucified Jesus because he claimed to be the king of the Jews. Jews revolted in 66 A.D., but Romans crushed the revolt. In 70 A.D., Romans destroyed the Temple.
Jews in Europe suffered hundreds of years of persecutions simply because they refused to convert to Christianity. In 1400's, Inquisition, Jews were persecuted in Spain. During Inquisition heretics, i.e., those who refused to change their beliefs were burnt at stakes. In Central Europe, 1600's, Jews suffered sever persecutions. During the late 1800's, Jews were persecuted in Russia, pogroms. Some Jews sailed to America with Christopher Columbus. Theodor Herzl, Austrian writer founded Zionism in 1897.
A contemporary story
In a valley, hundreds of miles away from Jerusalem, about 100 Jews were permitted to dwell in the land of a Shiite Moslem protector. The Jews used the river boulders to build their shelters.
Up to 60 years ago, there were no water supply services available for the residents of the entire town. Luckily, at the northern riverbank, into the river flowed dozens of natural springs. Certainly, the Jews, considered by Moslems untouchable, were not allowed to use the Moslems' springs, but they were fortunate to have one small spring in their own riverbank. Oddly enough, the Jew's spring smelled peculiar. Both Jews and Moslems of that region used heavy pottery to carry drinking water to their homes. All washing, clothing, pots and pans, had to be done at the riverbank.
Canonically, Jews were barred from taking part in any industry or business that required handling of goods such as vegetables stands, baker's shops, butcher's shops, dairy products etc. The limited jobs available to Jews remained to be sale of textiles, of course as peddlers, jewelry, magic or medicine. Fortunately, the community happened to have one little physician. He inherited his profession from his late father. In this town, seventy years ago, treatment mainly relied on herbal medicine. However, the existence of this doctor, manna from heaven, contributed a lot to the safety and security of the Jewish community, because Moslems badly needed the services of this little fellow. In other words, he was indispensable.
No Jew was seen to own a cow or sheep. The reason was obvious: herds needed forage, and Jews did not own cultivatable land. Contrary to Europe, Jews were not legally barred from owning land, but they either could not afford buying land or would not. Consequently, they had to buy their dairy from Moslems, shops or homes. However, they did keep some poultry. In fact, most Jews could not afford buying butter, cheese or yoghurt, either, but there was a whey type liquid leftover when yoghurt was churned to extract butter.
(to be continued)