Sumerians, about 5500 and 4000 BC, lived in contemporary Iraq. They believed in personal polytheism. Incidentally, their 'Anu' was the Supreme Ruler of the Kingdom of Heaven!
The Akkadian Empire, 2350-2170 BC, was an ancient kingdom centered in ancient Mesopotamia.
The 1st dynasty of Babylon reigned in Babylon. Hammurabi was the sixth king of this Dynasty, reigning from 1792 BC to 1750 BC. Hammurabi came up with a set of laws known as Code of Hammurabi, 282 articles. The Code was carved on a cylinder, now kept at Louvre Museum, Paris. It was positioned in a public place to be seen by people who definitely could not read.
Hammurabi claimed that he received the Code from the god Shamash, Sun-God, or possibly Marduk. In the preface we read that Hammurabi was chosen by the gods!
In this Code, we find instances like the following: if the wife of a man be taken in lying with another man, they shall bind them and throw them into the water. Or "An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth. Whisperingly, the Jewish and other sister religions have plagiarized the Hammurabi's collection.
During these periods, the entire faithful people used to practice rituals in which they slit the throats of humans, in ancient Mesopotamia, and animals as sacrifices. Additionally, they roasted the meat to send smoke heavenward in the hope of pleasing their deities. Today, Shiites cook a number of foods, on certain dates, to please the soul of their dead. Another instance is the sacrificing of rams, by both Shiites and Sunnis, to uphold Abraham's practice alive, when he was ordered by Yahweh to sacrifice his son for him, Yahweh. Of course, the ritual killing of human beings for a deity at the sacrifice alter has ceased but suicide bombing by followers of ISIS or ISIL has replaced the former ritual killing.
If one closely reads the ancient code of Hammurabi and Exodus, he will agree that male ownership of women is shared by all religions, past or present. The absolute ownership covers not only the females but their children, born or unborn, as well as the milk in the breast of the mothers which may not be fed to another hungry babe whose mother lacks sufficient lactation unless prior permission has been granted to the woman by her husband.
Ironically, people around the world, conservative or progressive, and specifically in Middle East are directly or indirectly involved and mentally busy with the private organ of their females, kind of audio pornography, or rather vagina price, euphemistically called bride price.
Today, in Middle East, if a married female dies, her vagina price goes to the her parents. on demand.
Of course, some conditions govern the debt. It is only payable after penetration by the husband. Now, if the bride groom discovers, at the time of intercourse, that vagina contains no hymen, then he can ask for his money back. Evidently, at present, physiologists tell us that females may suffer from a condition known as non-existent hymen at birth. In such cases, throughout the history, the fathers may have resorted to honor killing of his daughter for having lost her in virginity before marriage. Such a murder goes with impunity.