Today's headline news out of Europe reports of archaeologists discovering an ancient skeleton of a young woman in the Greek city of Veria that apparently underwent a medical procedure known as trepaning (or trephining).
Trepanation is the oldest known surgical technique according to the medical journal Neurosurgery; examples of holes chipped into skulls have been found in countries including Egypt, Peru, Mexico, Brazil, Latvia, Tibet, Canada, the United States, and Colombia.
Yahoo! News quotes the Ta Nea newspaper as stating that according to head archaeologist Ioannis Graikos, "Medical treatment on the human body in the Roman Veria is part of a long tradition that began with Hippocrates up to Roman doctor [sic] Celsus and Galen."
According to the article, "Hippocrates is believed to have lived in the fifth century BC, Celsus between 25 BC to 50 AD, and Galen from 131 to 201."
Greek digs in 2003 and 2006 discovered remains displaying similar cranial surgeries.
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